Bhutan, the land of the peaceful thunder dragon is known to the world by several names such as the ‘the Last Shangri-La’ or ‘the Last Place on the Roof of the World.’ Though the original name from the time of Marco Polo was ‘Bootan,’ the natives prefer to call their country ‘Druk Yul,’ or the Land of the Peaceful Thunder Dragon. Nestled in the lap of the Himalayas, Bhutan offers spectacular mountain views, immense scenic beauty and a unique culture and lifestyle. You can see beautiful Buddhist monasteries, carved wooden houses and the fine crafts of Bhutan, on tours to Bhutan with Tourism in Bhutan.One can observe during Bhutan tours that the nation sports an interesting form of traditional architecture, and all buildings conform to this design pattern. This makes Bhutan uniformly beautiful and also a great place for photography with no buildings or establishments that act as eyesores. Thimphu is the capital and largest city of Bhutan. Its major tourist attractions are National Folk Heritage Museum, Trashi Chhoe Dzong, National Memorial Stupa, Textile Museum, and the Changangkha Temple. This is truly a city not to be missed.
Bhutan: Druk Yul,
Location: Bhutan lies between 890 and 920E and 270 and 280 N,
Time: 30 minutes ahead of Indian standard time. 6 hours ahead of GMT,
Language: Drukpa (67%) of Tibetan and Monpa Bhutan Travel Information,
Bhutan is a land locked country, approximately 300km long and 150km wide, with an overall size of 38,394 square kilometers. It is situated along the southern slopes of the Himalayan range between the parallels 26 30′ of north latitude and 88 45′ and 92 25′ of east longitude. It is bounded by Tibet in the north, the Indian Sikkim and Darjeeling districts of West Bengal in the west, on the south by Assam and West Bengal and on the east by the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Flora and Fauna
Bhutan has a rich and varied biological diversity. Very few countries in the world match Bhutan ‘s biological diversity and fewer still have taken such strong steps to conserve their biodiversity. Bhutan , for example, has its own Biodiversity Action Plan. The country ranks amongst the top ten percent of highest species density (species richness per unit area) in the world, and it has the largest proportion of land under protected areas.
Some 26.23% of the country’s area is protected through National Parks. In addition, a further 9% has been declared as Biological Corridor, connecting protected areas, and there are a series of Conservation Areas intended to protect important conservation sites outside the formal Protected Areas system. As a result, more than 35% of the country’s area is under the protection of some form of conservation management. This system serves as a globally unique system for in situ conservation of biodiversity. Regarding diversity at the species level, inventories have indicated that there are more than 5,500 species of vascular plants, more than 770 species of avifauna and more than 165 species of mammals, with many species being endemic to Bhutan.